Dental Terminology


A composite resin applied to a tooth to change its shape and/or color. Bonding also refers to how a filling, orthodontic appliance or some fixed partial dentures are attached to teeth.


A fixed or removable dental appliance that replaces lost and/or missing teeth.

CrownsDental Terminology

Crown refers to the restoration of teeth using materials that are fabricated by indirect methods which are cemented into place. A crown is used to cap or completely cover a tooth.

Dental Cleaning

Teeth cleaning is the removal of dental plaque from teeth, in order to prevent cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontitis. It is part of a complete program of oral hygiene.


An artificial substitute for natural teeth and adjacent tissues.


The process or act of removing a tooth or tooth parts.


A lay term used for the restoring of lost tooth structure by using materials such as metal, alloy, plastic or porcelain.

Gum Treatments (Periodontics)

Gum treatment is the treatment of active gum and jaw bone disease. Gum disease treatment can slow or stop the progression of gum disease. Since there are different stages of gum disease (from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis), there are different levels of treatment. In some cases, the patient may be referred to a specialist.


Artificial tooth roots that are placed into bone to mimic the root structure of a tooth. They can be used to replace teeth or to support and retain dentures. A crown, bridge, or denture is then placed over the implant to restore natural tooth function.

Night GuardsDental Terminology

A plastic type of appliance that is used to relax the jaw muscles and/or prevent the teeth from wearing down due to bruxism (grinding), which typically occurs during sleep. People who wake up with sore muscles, facial weakness, or a jaw that is “locked” are good candidates for this device.

Nitrous Oxide

Nitrous Oxide sedation, also known as “laughing gas” is commonly used to make treatment more comfortable. This sedation is inhaled through a mask that allows you to breathe in the medication and induces a state of relaxation. Local anesthetic will be administered in conjunction with nitrous oxide to eliminate pain.

Oral Hygiene

Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean in order to prevent dental problems and bad breath.

Root Canal (Endodontics)

The nerve of the tooth is removed from the canal inside the root and replaced with a sterilized filling material.

SealantsDental Terminology

Plastic resin placed on the biting surfaces of molars to prevent bacteria from attacking the enamel and causing caries.


Ultra-thin, custom-made facings bonded to teeth to enhance and restore function and/or appearance. Veneers can be used to treat chipped, worn, crooked, and/or discolored teeth.


The process of lightening discolored or stained teeth. Treatment can be in-office or at-home.